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tv   [untitled]    June 10, 2012 7:30am-8:00am EDT

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hello direct from moscow this is the r t news channel these are our top stories this sunday afternoon the u.n. says it's syrian peace plan is in the firing line after another gruesome massacre this last week the foreign powers poised to intervene moscow's pushing for an international contact group to mediate a cease fire and talks but washington shouting. other headlines non-user view of the week safety in numbers says getting a bank rescue load proves the euro currency bloc can survive the storm the country's confirmed it will seek up to one hundred billion euros to help salvage
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the banking system making it the fourth largest e.u. country now to ask for a bailout. a big deal in beijing russia and china sign up for more trade and pledge to top last year's record breaking eighty billion dollars worth of business the latest two nations also launched a joint investment that's expected to help finance around seventy percent of commercial projects here in russia. and topple the gyptian leader hosni mubarak is thought to be in a critical condition in a prison hospital he's still the source of anger in cairo with thousands protesting that he wasn't sentenced to death for last year's revolution killings and also because his last prime minister made it into the presidential runoff. next an insight into what it takes to keep the world from a full blown nuclear war and mutually assured destruction. the nuclear age is over sixty years oh richard pretty cookie guy can describe
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exactly how an underground test was no dory one zero almost you couldn't hear anything about there was no noise at all but the ground lifted up. we live under the threat of increasingly sophisticated weapons. in two thousand one hundred eighty eight states parties to the nonproliferation treaty signed on to a statement providing for an unequivocal undertaking to the total elimination of nuclear weapons it has been set back by principally the united states but not alone russia france china the u.k. all have their share responsibility. disarmament agreements are not being honored. what is happening now it is that their role is intact countries are able to write a draft shod over international law because there isn't sufficient body of protest from within that country ordering them to these basic principles. things ponies and
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was thrust into the midst of the nuclear tests. when we accompanied them to ground zero with guns pointed ready to fire who are we going to fire at i wonder the issue clearly crabs. yep we're going to be there was a russian or american invasion night all know with the end of the cold war and the going away of the soviet union many people thought that nuclear weapons disappeared so a lot of the people who were activists under saddam and issues moved their activism to the environment or fighting globalization or other issues and no one today is fighting in the streets for disarmament and nonproliferation. the danger is growing will the anti-nuclear movement wake up.
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america was not the only western power to consider the pacific islands far enough from home to use for practicing nuclear war in one thousand nine hundred sixty six french polynesia at all the more meaning the great secret became france's marshall islands for thirty years this earthly paradise show under nearly two hundred nuclear explosions but more also became ground zero of the anti-nuclear movement. cannot overcome the fact that our country collaborated in the development of the atomic bomb. to regenerate the goals and that french polynesia is brown to be part of what france will become meek that is to say imagine you cleopatra. but to me that is disgusting to loose and send one of them moment was imposed on us don't you
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not in fact she makes us guilty to begin yeah for we are victims but we are also responsible for what's happening to us and for what might happen if france were to use its nuclear weapons well and i find that on forgivable and badly. behind this image of paradise lies the secret that surrounds the testing and rips apart the people of french polynesia here big can a me is depended on friends and the subject of nuclear testing remains taboo but this doesn't stop. bristow mood right now. that i'm thinking of my children's future. not so much the. tiny territory a tiny country will do for but we have
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a high percentage of people suffering from thyroid long and bladder cancer. and it's frightening to know all that. with the help of her husband that he should teacher and mother of two uses the internet to broadcast an image of her country one that is rather different from those in the travel agency brochures. all of the body didn't keep us we decided to speak out about the nuclear issue because it's part of our contemporary history and it has disrupted our society since the sixty's. now we suffer from the ills of a modern society yes we tell our son about our country's history but then when he asks us to bury some facts we were just talking about nuclear testing with the lottery yes he was wondering why they did the tests here in northern france
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or we explained that we are in the middle of a big ocean. and there are only two hundred thousand inhabitants. negatives also fewer people are likely to be affected. yes. my father is a vice president of the independence party. and he has been involved in many anti-nuclear demonstrations. just what am i going to say to them when they ask what did you do to get my country into this situation to some that's what i worry about . we were the atom bomb generation. play football paddle your boat down it's on have a good time don't worry about anything else will look after your country.
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france is keeping its nuclear arsenal because it needs the nuclear deterrent to discourage various threats to its vital interests will be quiet that is the doctrine that was established in the sixty's and it is still valid today. that there are leaders of the church and i've been one since one thousand nine hundred sixty three and we have never agreed with nuclear testing. but we cannot agree to weapons of mass destruction this week so must it's not possible. to find it's not just since the french tests we were against the american nuclear tests in the marshall islands wash out. long before france in one nine hundred forty six the united states and then great britain chose the pacific to conduct their testing but their tomic mushroom clouds were poisonous radioactive debris fell on to the surface of the earth and threaten the health of people all over the planet in one nine hundred fifty eight campaign
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for nuclear disarmament organized the first worldwide grassroots opposition in one thousand nine hundred sixty three under the pressure of the peace movements the two western powers and the u.s.s.r. signed an agreement banning atmosphere testing france was i'm concerned and continue to detonate bombs suspended from big buildings. by nine hundred seventy four forty six bombs pierced the atmosphere of french polynesia the word environment was still alien to the french however this was not the case for greenpeace but the campaign against the french was conceived during the first campaign against the united states because the united states was testing nuclear weapons but was testing them underground and france was still testing weapons in the atmosphere. in one nine hundred seventy one this small thank you for a base group decides to stop all nuclear testing in the pacific soon greenpeace departs for more they find an ally in new zealand where follow from the french
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testing has been detected on its soil. new zealand files a complaint with the international court of justice and when. france is forced to renounce atmosphere testing but there is still another option the era of french underground testing begins it will last more than twenty years to blow up a bomb you don't actually need to do any tests once you've configured it recently well from a physicist point of view there is no chance that it won't explode the problem is therefore to figure out exactly what conditions it's going to explode and with how much part which is a ridiculous justification since the purpose of a bomb is to kill people women and children so to achieve that goal you don't need to be a perfectionist. i call him uncle because i've known him since i was little but i never knew he worked on more. if they don't i told my superiors i want to be protected why are they protected by him not with my cocky police uniform shorts i
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can't be all that. and the military personnel are covered from head to toe. do you know what a badass polynesians in what about us is not the same bomb on we're tougher when they. were tougher so we can take a dose of radiation i don't know maybe it's from eating tar or nose. disclosure diplo only what i deplore is when some polynesians play of a card about the french injecting billions here. from the force they say take advantage of it and don't go around talking nonsense they'd be. and you've got to end your association tatto it's really a very young association in two thousand and one wasn't it uncle. lost her to the president of the association earl and told him on the radio he was appealing to
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young people is a region them to take a greater interest in the nuclear problem. so that's how we joined the socio. nucular test here devastated polynesian society not just in terms of health the environment and other things. but the structures of the society were destroyed. what does it mean to stop the tests no jobs no money no economy will all starve that was the government's message. and if you were against the bomb then your father or uncle worked at the site and they didn't want to protest against the bomb. that's a real rift in the family even between father and son but it seems i became aware of when i was about twenty four. my father went sort of crazy.
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he said take your wife and daughter and get out i don't want to see you anymore. and i was a teenagers than good and i said to myself who are the real crazy ones that are in the desert all the the ones who are against nuclear testing all the ones who supported. because my classmates for example were saying oh yeah nuclear testing so it's a bomb that explodes that's it. only when you hear about an activist getting arrested by the police i'm thrown in jail for not being me to get to meet them or i think that in her mind she wondered why is it always my father. even if we don't it's true that when she was in jail it shocked me because i felt that it was too much of
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a sacrifice to sell it i wonder if it was really worth it for him to make the sacrifice when others would not yes i was a little angry about that. do didn't you know when you're on various trips to new zealand with my parents i had the opportunity to meet some members of greenpeace to thank you know you could i think they will bring to cross the ocean to try and stop you clear tests one can go and but it would have been so much better if our people use had risen up together in protest all messages to move. greenpeace irritates the french military july tenth one thousand nine hundred five while the activists prepared to sail again tomorrow of france orders the sinking of their ship the rainbow warrior anchored in new zealand's auckland harbor. the bombing provokes an
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uproar from the international community and tremendous publicity for greenpeace. ten years later in one thousand and five the french president jacques chirac orders a new series of nuclear tests this time to hear the bells. actually our first demonstration was in one thousand nine hundred four. and in one thousand nine hundred five we were both in the airport. and we saw the riot police shooting at protesters city so. it was weird it was like watching a big movie screen but. it is. what was very upsetting it was a feeling of hate. hate. this appalling these and people rose up together and said you know mr chirac please stop.
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and he just brushed it away and said something my decision is final. it one person one person decided the entire future of my children. my grandchildren and my great grandchildren. it's in c. in. january nine hundred ninety six france proceeds with this last nuclear test in polynesia what turns out to be the starting point for long term research. in the last tests justified an enormous investment to build new equipment new missiles new bombs the laser megajoules and you aircraft so everything is being updated to between now and twenty twenty. one really interesting thing that results from countries like the united states.
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some of the other western nations in the valar playing new nuclear weapons that it excites the interest in countries like korea and their round who want to draw in the nuclear club. two thousand and six is a landmark year the united states the united kingdom france russia and china all we invest in their nuclear arsenals the message is clear it is necessary to their security on the other hand the same countries keep telling non-nuclear nations that acquiring nuclear weapons is illegitimate leaders would be fooling themselves if they think that this type of system can continue we are still living in the system that emanates from the end of the second world war five countries in the security council have special powers and it's even more problematic that these five countries are also the five countries with nuclear weapons so in a sense it gives the impression that having nuclear weapons gives them this special
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status i was going to have one last one standard we're going to have to class world increasingly countries particularly developing world are saying that they're not going to live in a two class world. forswear french we are in our passports also french but second class citizens yes second right and that is do you remember what else said the other day. if we had been pulling michigan we'd never have had nuclear tests. well that's what i was called back than. oh i think that when we have our independence. the whole truth about the tests and their consequences will come out they are. going to be our people are taken for ignorant and that has to stop polluting we are not ignorant. and today we
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want the truth and we're going to get it. always maintained that their bombs were clean that they were exploding clean atomic bombs but in two thousand and six they conceded to some follow up throughout the french polynesia. measurable. i see the camp recording test and ascent our test which were carried out the year i was warren. and i know that i've had a problem for two years now. and i wonder if it's connected to the nuclear tests any. interest. this shows that one hundred and ninety six radioactive follow its were detected in french polynesia. but we don't know the deuce. they're not telling us but they know. in france it takes time for things to be made public particularly with respect to nuclear testing it's
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top secret it's a defense secret so there's no information at all. the problem exists in french polynesia either as the collective anxiety brought about by psycho sociological poisoning or in terms of the code of silence that has prevailed over the radioactive fallout. here you know if there is a psychosis it's because the government created it we want to know the radiation dose of those follow they tell us there were one hundred ninety six of them with no health consequences the truth has to be told that after years and years of the sadness fear of secrecy lets call it by its rightful name. is lee popular people who live there are worried and rightly so because i think they deserve the truth immediately put campaigning for transparency doesn't necessarily make you a doomsayer. in
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general we have a higher rate of fire wood cancer as you compared to some regions it's much higher seems that what if we have a higher incidence of leukemia than elsewhere it's probably due to the bomb but that needs to be proved we have to hurry and tick. samples from people who are still alive soviet the easiest way to find the people who worked on more is to tour the halls outside the oncology department in the hospital after people. over here i love this year he worked in decent. repair facility for navy ships returning from the test sites. and now i have lung cancer he has cancer in his left lung. it up assured he worked for a very short time only six months and the second time they brought him home because
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he was having trouble breathing. you know him too often he had three brothers who work to morrow and all three died of this yes. yes yes they died. so this is his wife she has it's my tirade. and it's starting to get bigger look and later it will be here. i'm not saying it's because of moral or no i can't we don't have scientific proof but we have lots and lots of questions about it that's all i don't want to say that we should be criticizing. it. also in addition to the serious nature of their illness if you say anything they insult you they tell you all you want is to benefit from french money to prevent home. i'd prefer my husband to mine and his illness has gotten worse and i'm going to lose him so it hurts i don't care about money even if yes that's the way.
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the four years they have been checking me he's the prophet they couldn't figure out that i had a kidney tumor. you know. i'm waiting for someone to say clearly your illness was caused by eating too much pork too much of this or that well also or it's because of the nuclear testing because what have we done it has to stop them i'm sorry give you a lot of nonsense and then just say. don't worry you can eat fish you can grow food and there's no problem. well yes there is a small problem but it's not serious but it's clean.
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all the plutonium is used up a lot of it is just left behind so that's what we're talking most of that so long as it remains under ground is not a problem when it gets into the water and when it gets to plants then it could be a problem. what is the legacy of one hundred fifty to undergo nuclear tests some say it's seven hundred kilos of plutonium underneath more rula what does that mean. one tenth of a millionth of a gram of plutonium can cause cancer. so it's radioactive half life is twenty four thousand four hundred years. that means it will take more than two hundred forty thousand years before it can be considered harmless you know. this assumption that plutonium will not go anywhere which is held by testing authorities i think in
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more than one country turns out to be not quite right. recent research done by the u.s. government in about a test indicates that in one test site has migrated quite far from the test already within forty years. one of the additional problems that had been discovered in the last fifteen years turns out to be a very complicated substance chemical so the behavior is very difficult to characterize and it may migrate faster into the water. than before and so now we have to worry about that. you know we have seven hundred kilos down there. nobody knows if it's stabilize. the heart of moore is beginning to cave in that's the legacy we're left with and
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they want us to close the book on more no no never. to seven hundred kilos of plutonium buried in l. soil. and i ask myself is because i wonder what it's worth having children will see poor when they are faced with a tragedy. and it could indeed happen. to them. is too few to go through now no it would take would be a tsunami to light up. when i heard him talking about the legacy. i saw my daughter you. are going increasingly. and i thought if i don't do anything unusual to me one day she will blame me that's what
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motivates me to find the nuclear threat cauldron and struggle for my country sin dependence. there hasn't been anything yet t.v. . it is to get the maximum political back. before the source material is what helps keep journalism. we want to present. something.
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that. little it with. her or little bit earlier that. little.

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